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Religion in Istanbul

Mosques
Churches
Synagogues

Mosques in Istanbul

Sultan Ahmed Mosque
The mosque is one of several mosques known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior. It was built between 1609 and 1616, during the rule of Ahmed I. Like many other mosques, it also comprises a tomb of the founder, a madrasah and a hospice. The Sultan Ahmed Mosque has become one of the greatest tourist attractions of Istanbul. Blue Mosque

Süleymaniye Mosque
It was built on the order of sultan Suleiman I (Suleyiman the Magnificent) and was constructed by the great Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan. The construction work began in 1550 and the mosque was finished in 1557.

Arap Mosque
Arap Mosquue, originally the Dominican Church of Saint Paul, is a mosque located on Kalyon Street in Galata, Istanbul.

Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum, in Istanbul. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. It was the largest cathedral in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Medieval Seville Cathedral in 1520.

Ortaköy Mosque
Ortaköy Mosque, officially the Büyük Mecidiye Camii (Grand Imperial Mosque of Sultan Abdülmecid) in İstanbul, is situated at the waterside of the Ortaköy pier square, one of the most popular locations on the Bosphorus.

Fatih Mosque
The Fatih Mosque Complex is a large mosque with its many dependencies in the Fatih district of Istanbul. Fatih Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror had the complex constructed by the architect Atik Sinan in 1463-1470, on the site of the former Church of the Holy Apostles, which was demolished in favor of it. It was the largest example of Turkish-Islamic architecture to that date and represented an important stage in the development of classic Turkish architecture.

Zeyrek Mosque
Zeyrek Mosque, is a mosque in Istanbul, made of two former Eastern Orthodox churches. It represents the most typical example of architecture of the Byzantine middle period in Constantinople and is - after Hagia Sophia - the second largest religious edifice built by the Byzantines still extant in Istanbul.

Fenari Isa Mosque
The complex lies in Istanbul, in the district of Fatih, along the Vatan Caddesi avenue, in a modern context.

Kefeli Mosque
Kefeli Mosque is a former Eastern Orthodox church, later jointly officiated by Roman Catholics and Armenians, and finally converted into a mosque by the Ottomans.

Kalenderhane Mosque
Kalenderhane Mosque is a former Eastern Orthodox church converted into a mosque by the Ottomans. With high probability the church was originally dedicated to the Theotokos Kyriotissa. This building represents one among the few still extant examples of byzantine church with domed Greek cross plan.

Churches in Istanbul

S. Antonio di Padova
S. Antonio di Padova is the largest cathedral of the Roman Catholic Church in Istanbul. It is located on İstiklal Avenue in the Beyoğlu district.

Chora Church
The church is situated in the western, Edirnekapı district of Istanbul. In the 16th century, the church was converted into a mosque by the Ottoman rulers, and it became a secularised museum in 1948. The interior of the building is covered with fine mosaics and frescoes.church in istanbul

Hagia Irene
Hagia Irene or Hagia Eirene is a former Eastern Orthodox church located in the outer courtyard of Topkapı Palace in Istanbul, Turkey. It is open as a museum every day except Monday, but requires special permission for admission.

Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum, in Istanbul. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. It was the largest cathedral in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Medieval Seville Cathedral in 1520.

Church of St George
The Cathedral Church of St George is a Greek Orthodox church in Istanbul.

Pammakaristos Church
Pammakaristos Church is one of the most famous Byzantine churches in Istanbul, Turkey. The parekklesion, besides being one among the most important examples of Constantinople's palaiologan architecture, has the largest amount of Byzantine mosaics after the Hagia Sophia and Chora Church in Istanbul.

Bulgarian St Stephen Church
Bulgarian St Stephen Church, also known as the Bulgarian Iron Church, is a Bulgarian Orthodox church in Istanbul, famous for being made of cast iron.

Synagogues in Istanbul

ashkenazi synagogue

Ahrida Synagogue
A glorious example of the rich cultural life of Turkish Jews, the Ahrida has its rightful place among major synagogues of the world. The oldest of Istanbul's 16 synagogues in use today, located in the neighborhood of Balat (Istanbul), the Ahrida dates from the early 15th century.

Ashkenazi Synagogue
Ashkenazi Synagogue is located near the Galata Tower, Istanbul, Turkey. It is the only currently active Ashkenazi synagogue open to visits and prayers. The synagogue was founded by Ashkenazi Jews of Austrian origin in 1900.

 

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